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Monday, October 25, 2010

The Letter "P" - preschool lesson plans

The Letter "P" - preschool lesson plans

police officer
paper plate
paper clip
polar bear
polka dots
pom -poms
puffy paint
play dough
pipe cleaners

Check out these pages that highlight the letter "P"
Polar Animals
Police Officers

Pig Painting 
Cut a pig shape from pink construction paper. Let your child paint on the "mud" with black or gray tempera paint. 

Potato Prints
Cut a large potato in half from the top to bottom, so it's a really long oval. Supply the children with the potato half, different colored paints, and paper. Have the children dip the potatoes in the paint and press them firmly onto the paper. If the potatoes are not cut evenly, the shape will not appear clearly. 

This Little Pig Went to Market
Featured on Kid's Favorite Songs By Sesame Street
Also Features "Old MacDonald," "Ring Around The Rosie," "Turkey in the Straw," Baa, Baa, Black Sheep," "Home On The Range," and "The Farmer and the Dell."
This Little Pig went to market
This little pig stayed home
This little pig had roast beef
This little pig had none.
And this little pig went wah wah wah all the way home 

Pigs Song
by chicky
(Sung to "Where is Thumbkin?")
Pigs are Pink,
Pigs are Pink,
Yes they are,
Yes they are,
Pigs are Pink,
Pigs are Pink,
Yes they are,
Yes they are. 

Hot Potato
Featured on Yummy Yummy by the Wiggles
Play hot potato with the children. Have the children sit in a circle. You can pick an object to be the potato or play with a real one. Sing "Hot Potato, Hot Potato, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10." The child that has the potato on ten goes in the center of the circle, called the pot. 

Paper Plate Pumpkins 
Have your child paint a paper plate orange. When dry, have the child glue on a stem.

Pumpkin Puppets
Each child should cut out a pumpkin shape from orange construction paper. Then either cut out facial features, or color them on with a black crayon. Paste to the bottom of a paper lunch bag. Then add a green construction paper stem.

Pumpkin Seed Art
Collect pumpkin seeds from inside a pumpkin. Let them air dry and have the children use the pumpkin seeds to make a collage. 

Pumpkin Seed Shakers
You need: dried pumpkin seeds from inside your pumpkin, two paper plates (for each child) and a stapler. Have the children put some seeds on one of the paper plates (bottom side down). Next, have them place the other plate on top of the first plate (bottom side up). Help the children staple their plates together with the seeds inside. Let the children paint, use markers or crayons to decorate their shakers.

Fingerprint Pumpkins
Have the children make orange fingerprints on a piece of paper. Use a non-toxic orange ink pad. Show the children how to use one finger at a time. Use a green pen to draw stems on the paper and draw vines to connect some of the pumpkins. (You can do this for younger children or have older children draw the vines and stems themselves.) 

Paper Plate Shaker
Take two sturdy paper plates. (The stronger the better)Place some apple seeds on one of the plates and place the other plate on top of the first so that both eating surface areas are facing each other. Use masking tape to seal the plates together. Have your child decorate with markers, glitter, construction paper, or ribbons. When dry, shake. Shake to music, shake it each time you take a step. Shake, Shake Shake!!!

Pumpkin Science 
What is inside a pumpkin? Let the children explore the insides of a pumpkin. It's a great sensory experience.

Pumpkin Seeds 
Save the pumpkin seeds from a pumpkin. Boil 2 cups seeds in 1 quart water with 2 tbls salt for 10 minutes. Drain the seeds and toss them in 1 tblsp of butter. Spread the seeds on a baking pan, and bake for 30 minutes. Stir frequently.

Pumpkin Faces 
Provide the children with many different pumpkin faces. Ask the children which pumpkin is happy? How does this pumpkin feel? How does that pumpkin make you feel?

Visit a Pumpkin Patch
Visit a local pumpkin patch and let the children pick out a pumpkin.

Pumpkin Poem
by chicky
My little pumpkin
is round not flat
And if you step on it
It will go ker-splat. (clap hands)

Pumpkin Man
by chicky-ma-ma
(sung to Yes I am the muffin man)
Yes I am the Pumpkin man,
the pumpkin man, the pumpkin man,
Yes I am the pumpkin man,
Who has a silly face.

5 little pumpkins finger play 
Five little Pumpkins sitting on a gate
The First one said "Oh, my it's getting late!"
The Second one said "There are witches in the air!"
The Third one said "Well, we don't care!"
The Forth one said "We will run and run and run!"
The Fifth one said "We are ready for some fun!"
Whoooo oooo went the wind
And out went the light
and the five little pumpkins rolled out of sight!

Pumpkin Song 

by chicky-ma-ma
sung to Have you ever seen a lassie?
If I could be a pumpkin,
a pumpkin, a pumpkin,
If I could be a pumpkin,
Which face would I have?
Sad or Happy
frightened or scary
If I could be a pumpkin,
I would scare you now. 

Popping popcorn 
What happens when you heat up corn kernels? Get an air popper and let the children watch the corn kernels pop. Be sure to let the children know that the container is hot. WARNING: Popcorn is a choking hazard and should never be served to children under the age of three. Children over the age of three should be directly supervised while eating popcorn. 

Popcorn Pop 
Have the children watch popcorn pop. Have the children pretend to be popcorn. Upbeat music, or a recording of popping corn may stimulate the children to jump more. 

Popcorn Kernel Painting
First you need a large plastic container with a lid. (I used a shallow peanut butter container.) Next cut out paper that will fit in the lid of the container. Place a few drops of paint into the container with a few kernels of corn (be sure to observe carefully as kernels of corn are a choking hazard) then place a very small amount of paint on the lid and pre-cut paper on the paint. (I use the paint to make the paper stick to the lid.) Place the lid on the container, flip and have the children shake. When finished, remove paper and allow to dry, and place a clean piece of paper in the lid for the next child. 

Plunger Prints
Obtain a new plunger. Supply your child with a little tempera paint. Allow your child to dip the plunger in the paint and then press onto a piece of paper to make a print. 

Pass the Panda
Played like hot potato... have the children sit in a circle and pass stuffed panda bear around the circle when music is playing, when the music stops the child holding the bear sits in the middle or the "bear pot" until the music stops again and the next child replaces the first. You may also chant "Pass the Panda, Pass the Panda, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10" and the child who has the bear on 10 is in the "panda bear pot." 

Penguin Race
Have the children race like penguins with a ball between their knees. 

Polar Bear
Polar Bear, Polar Bear, Turn around.
Polar Bear, Polar Bear, Touch the ground.
Polar Bear, Polar Bear, Shine your shoes.
Polar Bear, Polar Bear, Skidoo.

Polar Bear, Polar Bear, Go upstairs.
Polar Bear, Polar Bear, Say your prayers.
Polar Bear, Polar Bear, Turn out the light.
Polar Bear, Polar Bear, Say good night.

Substitute Polar Bear with lion, kangaroo, butterfly, sea lion, tiger.. etc.

The Penguin Song
by chicky sung to "Mary Had a Little Lamb"
Penguins like the cold weather,
cold weather, cold weather,
Penguins like the cold weather,
And they like to play.

Penguins like to swim and play
swim and play, swim and play,
Penguins like to swim and play
And they rest at night

Penguins eat a lot of fish,
a lot of fish, a lot of fish,
Penguins eat a lot of fish,
Each and every day. 

Jump in the Puddle
Set a hula hoop on the floor. Play some music and have your child walk around the hula hoop. When the music stops, have them jump into the hoop (the puddle). 

Jump Over the Puddle
Cut out puddle shapes from blue paper or newspaper (you can have the children paint it blue). They need to be small enough for the children to be able to hop over. Then set them on the floor and ask the children to take turns hopping over the puddle.

Pasta Coloring
To color pasta or rice for art and other projects, use 1/4 cup rubbing alcohol for every cup of pasta. Add 1/4 cup rubbing alcohol to a 16 oz cup. Add a few drops of food coloring to the alcohol (about 10 will do, depending on how bright you want the pasta or rice). Place one cup of uncooked pasta or rice into the mixture and make sure it is fully coated. Spoon the pasta or rice onto a paper towel on a counter or table to dry. After dry, the children can use for projects. Repeat with other colors.

Pasta Measuring
Place a good amount of different kinds of pasta into a dish pan. You can add food coloring to dry uncooked pasta to color them. Provide different containers and cups for your child to place the pasta in, small and large. Let them experiment on their own, and with you. Let them pour the pasta from one container to the other. Which container holds the most pasta, or the least?

Pasta Sort
Let your child sort pasta by type and color. (see above for coloring) 

Rainbow pasta
Cook spaghetti pasta, drain and cool. Fill a gallon Ziploc bag one quarter of the way with water. Add food coloring to the water. Add part of cooked spaghetti and mix around in the Ziploc bag until pasta change color. Drain and repeat with other colors. Place the pasta in separate bowls. 
Children can take one Pasta from each color to create a rainbow on a plate for a snack.
Children can take one Pasta from each color, dip it in glue and place it on a piece of paper to create a rainbow.

Math Center
Place the numbers one thorugh six on six small post it papers. Place these papers in the bottom of each muffin tin hole. Have the children place one object in the one space and two in the two and so on. Ideas for objects: pasta, peanuts, pennies.

Pasta Math
For this activity you will need standard playing cards in one suit 2 through 6 and small macaroni pasta. Have the children place one pasta on each of the shapes on the middle of the card. So, two pasta on the 2 and three on the 3 and so on. 

Pasta Estimation Jars
You will need 4 clear jar that are the same size. Fill one jar about 1/4 of the way with pasta. Count the pasta as you fill the jar and end on a round number, like 10 or 50. Write the number of pasta on a post it, place the post it on the jar. Fill the second jar about 1/2 way with pasta, again counting and recording and posting on the jar. The third jar should be filled about 3/4 of the way with pasta and again record the number and post it on the jar. The last jar you can fill however you like, place a post it on the jar with a question mark. Allow the children to observe the four jars together and guess how many pasta are in the fourth jar. Record the children's guesses. After everyone has guessed, count the pasta together. Show the children how the number of pasta in the first three jars is related to the fourth jar.

Pasta Art
Supply the children with pasta noodles that have been dyed different colors. Have the children glue the pasta onto a piece of paper. 

Pasta Necklaces
First color the pasta that you wish to use as directed above. You can use any sort of pasta that can be threaded such as macaroni or penne. Allow the noodles to dry. Next have the children thread the pasta onto a piece of yarn long enough that when tied will easily slip over their head. To make the threading easier, tie one noodle at one end of the yarn, so as the child threads the pasta do not slip off the end. Also you can add a piece of masking tape to the other end to make the actual threading easier. Encourage older children to create a pattern on their necklace. 

Pineapples Grow Again
Cut off the top of a pineapple and pull off the three bottom rows of leaves. Let it dry out for three days, then plant it one inch deep in soil. Keep the soil moist and place in a sunny part of the room.

Printing with Foods
Make prints with potatoes, pasta, peppers, or peanuts.

Food/Snack Ideas:

pot stickers
pumpkin pie
pecan pie
picnic foods
pigs in a blanket
eat off of paper plates
potato chips
peach cobbler
poached eggs
parmesean cheese
pinto beans
prime rib
phillie steak 
Pop Tart
poppy seeds
peanut butter
potato pancakes

Field Trip Ideas:
Pizza Parlor
popcorn factory
peanut factory
farm (see pigs, peppers, potatoes)
Pet Store
Paint Store
Police Station
Play - theater
Play Place - McDonalds
Produce store
Pumpkin patch
post office
go to the park to play
a picnic in the park

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